Two surveys highlight this paradox. Young people drink less on average than their parents but when they drink, they look drunk.

Alcohol and young people is a delicate subject. There is indeed, for parents, to eat and drink, something to cheer and cause for concern if one judges by two conflicting surveys. At least in appearance. The first, conducted by the Directorate of Research, Studies, Evaluation and Statistics (Drees) shows that the health check of the French, especially young people, has improved over the last seven years. Teenagers, for example, drink less than their parents. The second (1), conducted for the Association of Parents of private education (Apel), says that 83% of parents are concerned about alcohol consumption among young people. But this time, there is a specific phenomenon: the search for rapid intoxication.

“The celebrations degenerated into drunken”

Start by analyzing the study’s most agonizing, revealed by the daily 20 minutes . Of 100 parents of school children, they are not less than 83 to be bad blood noting alcohol consumption of their offspring. 74% are convinced that girls are drinking more and 59% find the same phenomenon in boys. Yet 85% of adults surveyed reassure themselves by thinking that this phenomenon primarily affects children of others outside their family unit.


All of which leads to Beatrice Barraud, the president of Apel, that parents have not been “fully aware of the phenomenon.” A feeling confirmed by Xavier Pommereau, professor of child psychiatry at the University Hospital of Bordeaux : “Concerning his own child, parents are often unaware of the realities. Most parents have no idea of how their daughter or 15 year old son behaves in the evening, they think only of that age, birthday parties are reasonable. But they must realize that if they leave their homes or apartments without adult supervision, a teen under 16 years he has a party, it will degenerate into drinking. ”

The fashion of “binge drinking”

Another study, conducted in 2005 for the French Observatory of Drugs and Drug Addiction , shows that 92% of youth 17 and under have “already experimented with alcohol,” 12% are “regular use”. 56% say “having been drunk at least once in their lives,” 46% of them have been “during the year”, and 10% said they experienced the excitement avir “ten times in the years. ” In Apel’s survey, 40% of parents worry that young people drink more and more young people to intoxication, the notorious “binge drinking” from England, which may coma ethyl. And 31% of them say they are helpless by the lack of information and support they have. Those are some scary information. Fortunately, another survey puts into perspective the previous one: the one by the Drees which shows the state of health of the French in recent years. A marked improvement in balance.

11.5 against 14.5 liters per year a decade ago

As summarized in Le Figaro of 28 November, “the last decade, life expectancy at birth has continued to grow in France. It is even higher in Europe for women and men now aged 65. The former can expect to live another 22.8 years, the latter 18.6 years. Calculated at birth, life expectancy is certainly a little lower, but still reached 84.8 years for women and 78.1 years for men. ” The origin of this phenomenon, a decrease in the number of accidents, suicide, cancer and cirrhosis. Because the French are drinking less than a decade ago.

Now, younger than 14 years and older consume on average 12.4 liters of alcohol each year although the target set by the Ministry of Health is 11.5 liters, or three drinks per day on average. In 1990, the French drank 14.5 liters per year on average. Overall, the paper consumption of 17 year olds has also decreased between 2003 and 2008, “half for girls and third for boys. Repeated drunkenness among young stabilize (one in four young in years) following a significant increase between 2003 and 2005. ” Information that is “reassuring” that does not, however, that a young person in three has experienced alcohol intoxication .