Cervical cancer is the second leading cause of death of young women aged 15 to 44 years. Annually, nearly 550 women in Austria. About 180 of them lose the battle against the disease. Across Europe there is to die every year 33 500 new cases, about 15,000 women.

5000-6000 Austrian women per year have to undergo surgery because of cancer precursors (“cone biopsy”). Every year after cancer smears are Austria’s 50,000 equivocal findings which could mean a serious psychological distress. Human papillomavirus (HPV) are frequently occurring viruses that come with almost two-thirds of all people throughout their lives in contact. There are about 100 “types” of all strains of HPV. Certain types of all strains of HPV are at high risk (“high risk”) subject of cancer and precancerous lesions and can subsequently lead to cervical cancer.

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Cervical cancer is caused by human papillomaviruses to 75% (HPV) strains 16 and 18 that are transmitted primarily through sexual contact. However, condoms offer inadequate protection. In most cases the infection remains undetected and the body eliminates the virus after a few months. Around one in ten of contact leads to a malignant cell changes, may arise from the subsequently cervical cancer.

For other, rarer forms of cancer (eg, anal, penile, vaginal and vulvar) and diseases (genital warts), the men and women relate to human papillomavirus made responsible. The virus types 6 and 11 are responsible for more than 90% of genital warts. This condition is not life threatening, but sometimes has a serious impact on quality of life of those affected. It is estimated that in Europe alone are diagnosed annually with 250,000 new cases of HPV-related genital warts. Even men are equally affected.

Protection against cervical cancer

Recommendation of the Austrian vaccination plan in 2007

“Vaccines against oncogenic papillomaviruses for girls and women should – if possible before entering the sexually active age are used. Vaccination of boys or young men is in principle useful, especially if a vaccine is used, which also protects against condyloma-causing viruses “(note: = condylomata genital warts). The vaccine is currently approved for children and teenagers from 9 to 15 years and adult females 16 to 26 years.

For a complete HPV vaccination with the currently licensed vaccine is in three parts, each in the upper arm:
1 Partial vaccination
2 Part two months after vaccination
3 Partial vaccination 6 months after the first dose and 4 months after the second.

Annual Pap smear

Regardless of vaccination should be taken once a year pap smears are performed with the gynecologist.
The so-called PAP test is completely painless and free of charge in Austria for all socially insured women.