What is it?

The nosebleed, which has the scientific name of epistles is a relatively common disorder, usually mild. It is a nasal bleeding, mostly benign.

What causes a nosebleed?

The nosebleed can have a variety of causes, some benign, some much more disturbing. You should know that the nose contains many small blood vessels on edge, very fragile, bleed so easily. Often , touching or scratching the nose can cause. Drought irritates mucous membranes and weakens. For example, some people nose bleed often during the winter, when heating dries our homes. The act of nose too hard can cause nosebleeds.

Who is affected? What are the risk factors?

In children, nasal bleeding disorder is considered a very commonplace. Sometimes, just to scratch the inside of the nose to the bleeding begins. Some diseases predispose to nosebleeds. Regular intake of aspirin or anticoagulant drugs is a risk factor. The use of drugs intrinsically, particularly cocaine, is a risk factor. Alcohol also. The use of decongestants that dry mucous membranes, is a risk factor. Smokers are more at risk.


What are the possible complications? When should you consult?

When the bleeding is from small vessels fragile in front of the nose, it is not serious and almost always resolves quickly if you ask the right thing. If the nosebleed is usually a disorder Benin, sometimes it is a symptom of a more serious problem. Often we can not speak of complications per se since the problem is bleeding history. The more serious bleeding are generally large blood vessels that lie at the bottom of the nose. They may occur after an injury or blow to the head, but can be triggered spontaneously in the elderly who suffer from hypertension, kidney disease or clotting problems. The unexplained nosebleeds and frequent may be symptomatic of leukemia or a tumor in the nose. If you nosebleed often, or if the bleeding lasts more than 15 minutes, consult a doctor promptly. Also, if bleeding occurs after an injury, see.

How does one treats a nosebleed?

To stop a nosebleed, do not tilt the head backwards as some people believe. This would only send blood into the throat. On the one hand, swallowing too much blood will possibly digestive problems and, secondly, it is difficult to estimate the amount of blood lost. Some people are afraid at the sight of blood, but it is better to stay calm. If necessary, sit down to avoid falling if you feel unwell. Bend your head slightly forward to prevent blood flowing in the throat, but keep the head above the heart. Pinch your nostrils between the thumb and forefinger. Hold the pressure continuously for 5 minutes. After this time, check that the bleeding has stopped. If the problem persists, repeat the pressure. If the bleeding does not stop after 15 minutes, consult a doctor promptly.

How to prevent it?

Avoid scratching vigorously inside the nose or to insert objects. Keep nails short if you tend to scratch your nose. Use a humidifier to combat drought in your room. Quit smoking or expose yourself to secondhand smoke. Blow your nose gently, one nostril at a time. Do not sneeze with your mouth closed. You can moisturize the walls of your nose using a nasal lubricant.

Did you know?

If you spot a garment with blood, it must be soaked in cold water for 24 hours before washing normally. It is a common misconception that hot water “dilutes” stains more effectively well with blood, this is not the case at all, on the contrary!