The modern diet devitalized disrupts our hormonal system and especially our pancreas. Consequences: overweight, diabetes, hypoglycemia

The functioning of our body depends on a balance of very complex systems: nervous, endocrine (hormonal), immune, and the psyche. All these systems are interconnected; action on one will affect the others. Our brain constantly receives information from the outside world, which will generate responses from the different systems. For endocrine hormones (Greek ormao , meaning “I excite”), organic molecules secreted by the endocrine glands and released into the blood. These hormones are recognized by target cells through specific receptors. Their role is to lead, regulate and coordinate the activities of the organization that are chemical messengers. No hormones, nothing would work.

What are our various endocrine glands?

At the head, the pineal ago which secretes melatonin the pituitary gland which secretes TSH, ADH and oxytocin. finally, the hypothalamus. At the throat, thyroid ago which secretes T3 and T4 and parathyroid which secretes parathyroid hormone and calcitonin, responsible for metabolism of calcium. The pancreas is also part of the endocrine system, because it produces two hormones responsible for the regulation of glucose (blood sugar): insulin and glucagon. The adrenals are two small glands in the kidneys (hence the name) that secrete four hormones: cortisol, adrenaline (stress hormones), and aldosterone and DHEA. Then come the sex glands, the ovaries for women and testes in men. The ovaries produce progesterone and estradiol, whereas the testes produce testosterone.

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We must not forget the hormones secreted in the gastrointestinal tract: in this case, it is called diffuse endocrine system, because the cells that produce these hormones are scattered throughout the gastrointestinal mucosa, especially around the stomach and duodenum. Hormonal secretions are stimulated either by a pituitary hormone (stimulating hormone) is a neurotransmitter or by an ion or a metabolite (insulin is released according to blood glucose level).

Glucose and insulin

The endocrine gland that most concerns the Dietetics professionals the endocrine pancreas course (the exocrine pancreas is part of the digestive system), whose function is to regulate the rate of blood glucose (blood sugar). This regulation is achieved through two pancreatic hormones: insulin and glucagon.Every time we eat carbohydrates (sugars, they are “slow” or “fast”), blood sugar rises, then for her to return to normal, the pancreas will produce insulin which allows glucose use by cells. Insulin is a hormone whose role is crucial because it allows the use of different nutrients by the cells, glucose, amino acids and fatty acids. A diet rich in sugars will particularly stimulate insulin production.

Diabetes and hypoglycemia

Type I diabetes is an autoimmune disease resulting from progressive destruction of β cells of islets of Langerhans of the pancreas that produce insulin. While necessary, reform will not be enough food, it should be supplemented by insulin. By cons, diabetes type II may well be settled by a food reform, especially if detected early. This type of diabetes is a disease with a genetic predisposition favored by environmental factors: physical inactivity, overweight, stress, smoking and, of course, the modern diet rich in refined sugars.

In a healthy subject after consumption of sugars, hormones of the pancreas and adrenal pass the buck to restore a normal blood sugar. In the hypoglycemic, adrenal glands can no longer handle the situation, and glucose is the yo-yo all day. The pancreas is overworked in its insulin production. Now we have seen that insulin was a storage hormone: a consequence of hypoglycemia is overweight and obesity.