The stomach cancer, which has a population of 190 thousand cases per year in Europe, accounting for 23% of all cancers, mainly affects people over the age of 45 years. A cancer that can take different forms and different degrees of severity. Here is some useful information to know and recognize stomach cancer, its symptoms , the causes and the treatment more effective.

What is it

A cancer of the stomach, one of the protagonists of the gastrointestinal organs, the one that completes the second phase of digestion, and after chewing, includes food and submit it to a number of processes needed to break it down and carry it to the intestine. Blame the abnormal proliferation of the glandular cells: The cancer usually affects the gastric tissue and, more frequently, the pylorus and the stomach cavity.

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Symptoms

The symptoms that characterize the onset of the disease, but often also the development of gastric cancer, are easily confused with minor annoyances and general malaise. In particular, the symptoms of stomach cancer include: digestive problems, difficulties and hassles during the digestive process, a sense of bloating , especially after eating, recurrent nausea, heartburn, and loss of appetite.

The possible causes

Difficult to identify the causes themselves. Easier, however, indicate a number of risk factors, habits and behaviors that increase the likelihood of becoming a victim of stomach cancer. First, the power supply, especially if high in fat and calories, followed by smoking and the abuse of alcohol. To make matters worse, then, there can be: the Helicobacter pylori infections ; the familiar ; the presence of polyps in the stomach.

The therapy

Diagnosed, usually through gastroscopy and biopsy , the presence of the tumor in the stomach, the specialist prepares the most appropriate treatment plan. The treatment of choice is the surgery, thanks to which the damaged gastric tissue and the tumor are removed. In particular, the surgeon opts for a gastrectemia, which can be partial or partial and involves the removal of all or part of the stomach. In combination with or in place when the tumor is inoperable, it may also be prescribed to chemotherapy, with the frequency and number of cycles vary depending on the specific case.