Sleepwalking is not easy for those who suffer, or their spouses or parents of a child with this problem. It is not a disease but rather a physiological phenomenon that occurs during the night. This behavior is generally non-hazardous, sleep pathology of neurological origin. It usually occurs during an incomplete awakening NREM sleep. The Sleepwalkers appear awake and their eyes open. They are normally limited to wandering around the room.

When does it occur?

It occurs during the first third of the sleep cycle, during the deepest sleep that follows. This is the time when dreams are less frequent. Moreover, sleepwalkers do not dream during their sleepwalking. During these moments, the brain reacts like a person awake. In addition, the child comes out of a high fever or is found elsewhere than at home can easily live a sleepwalking episode.


* It occurs most often in children, especially boys aged 7 to 12 years, but it can also occur around the age of 2 to 3 years in girls.
* There has been a marked improvement since puberty. Moreover, a large number of sleepwalking children relive this state once more returned to adolescence.
* There is also a familial tendency to sleepwalk.
* This condition may occur several times a month, especially in children (6-10%) or once (15% of children).


Chronic sleepwalking

After puberty, if sleepwalking episodes continue, it would be wise to consult a psychologist to find their causes and ultimately eliminate the problem. But do not worry, it is usually a benign and easy to adjust.

Behaviors sleepwalker

Anxiety or bad sleep habits in children can trigger sleepwalking. The adult who suffers can have psychological causes often related to stress and anxiety. Major events that sometimes arise during a play on the life state of somnambulism. Some studies have found a gene that may be associated with sleepwalking. It would be part of the genes involved in the regulation of the immune system. There is still work to do on this side before going further. However, in recent studies, from the University Hospital of Bern, could put sleepwalking in relation to a complex metabolic network. One day we may be a clear answer, but for now we must stick to what we know And treat this behavior as we successfully for decades.

What to do if you or a loved one are sleepwalking?

First and foremost, you should avoid periods of fatigue or stress.

* Limit the minimum alcohol, drugs and psychotropic drugs.
* Provide security measures as barriers to stairs, reinforced locks on windows and doors, guards for dangerous edges or corners, and especially avoid bunk beds (especially for children).
* Make sure that sleepwalkers around you can move without serious injury. Store toys or other obstacles that could harm them.
* If they are too agitated, talk to them slowly and gently direct them to the bed.
* If the situation escalates, do not hesitate to consult a doctor, because sometimes an underlying medical problem is the cause.
* Hypnosis has proved useful for some people with the problem of sleepwalking.

In short, do not overreact, because there is not much to do except wait … Often, this phenomenon disappears with time. Do not mention the episode to the child after his stage sleepwalking because he did not remember. You could traumatize a little.