After a cold winter, everyone is happy when the first warm rays of the sun the skin. Unfortunately, the exposure to the sun for many is still too careless.

What is skin cancer and what are the ways it

Skin cancer is the umbrella term for all malignant lesions of the skin. In everyday usage, the term is often equated with a particular form of cancer, melanoma. But there is next to this form of cancer in the two other main types of skin cancer that often occur.

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The melanoma

Melanoma, also called “skin cancer”, is a tumor of the pigment-producing cells of the skin, the melanocytes. These are responsible for the formation of melanin pigment, which makes our skin turn brown and so protects against damage caused by sunlight. When these cells are now but too badly damaged, there arises a melanoma. It is the most malignant form of skin cancer because it grows very rapidly and is often at an early stage metastasis. The treatment is therefore extremely important for early detection of cancer. In such cases, the melanoma can be surgically removed. In advanced disease, an immune therapy or chemotherapy may be necessary. To become a melanoma can often take several years. However, with every sunburn increases the risk of skin cancer. Melanomas are most common in people of 35 to 50 years, but the 20 to 30-year-old get on very recently.

The basal cell carcinoma

In contrast to melanoma, basal cell carcinoma metastases is almost never. This means that the disease can be cured in most cases by surgery. The “white skin cancer,” as the basal cell carcinoma is also called forms, particularly in sunny countries the most common type of skin cancer. Most affected people are aged 60 Of age. Appearance in the basal cell carcinoma appears as a skin-colored or brown nodules with pearly luster. In severe cases, multiple nodes and merge as an ulcer bleed and break. The primary trigger for the disease, the increased UV exposure of the skin. Therefore, the basal cell carcinoma also occurs preferably on the face and neck area because these areas are almost always made from sunlight. A recognition of the condition of the man himself is often difficult, because the affected area as itch or even hurt. A dermatologist can identify the disease but often even with the naked eye.

The squamous cell carcinoma

The squamous cell carcinoma also arises primarily from excessive UV exposure of the skin, including in areas such as face, neck, arms and hands. In contrast to basal cell carcinoma, this type of tumor metastases, but settle in other organs, so it is one of the malignant tumors. Besides the skin, mucous membranes, the carcinoma in related areas (eg oral) form. Early detection is particularly important because is much easier in the early stages of healing. The precursors appear as skin-colored to reddish spots, which are covered with white scales. This can be easily removed with ointments or by a minor surgical procedure. Generally, all skin cancers are curable, but only if they are detected and treated early. Importance of regular checkups at the dermatologist, the only way to protect themselves from disease.