The term hygiene people could start a little earlier centuries. They even took a bath, then usually plenty of superstitions in the game.

Hygiene and personal care is now part of everyday life, there is unanimity about it. Hygiene is not only operated the vanity because it also prevents diseases and enhance their wellbeing. In the field of hygiene are achieved considerable success and traditional beliefs were thrown overboard. Especially those of superstition testify. For a long time it was believed that water through the pores in the skin, penetrate, and so diseases are transmitted. It was imagined that a thick layer of dirt protects the body against disease. Paradoxically, however, water has been used for medical treatment, along with plants and herbs as bath salts and the production of decoction. In proportion as it was realized over time that bacteria for a number of infectious diseases are responsible for the hygiene moved to the forefront. Hand-washing and daily hygiene with soap and water were slowly moving into urban and rural areas.

Special bathing days for different needs

To swim on Sunday was once not only frowned upon, but more or less forbidden. About bathing in the rest of the week – it is rendered personal care, if at all, once a week – ruled strong opinions. To the following sentence:

* Monday bathe drunk,
* Late on Monday, the rich,
* on Wednesday, the witty,
* on Thursday the are thoroughly and lousy
* Friday on the disobedient,
* on Saturday the high quality.


That the “scabby” and “lousy” – sick so – should take their spas Thursday was well known. Often for the month was in March or in May recommended, then three consecutive Thursdays. For most of Saturday was bath day. Well it had to do with the fact that people wanted to take unsoiled their Sunday church attendance. Within the year, there were certain times where a bathroom should have a special effect. For example, on the night of Holy Thursday to Good Friday , the best just before sunrise. It had to be taken to ensure that this bath or washing done in flowing water or which metempsychoses. It was considered a purifying and healing power, and should mean that one is free from disease remained. The same effect is bathing at Epiphany attributed (January 6). health and beauty was the guarantee that on Easter Sunday before sunrise washes with cold water. In contrast to Baden on Ash Wednesday and on Christmas protect against back pain, fever and toothache. But the greatest impact did Johannisbad.

The Johannisbad as the most influential in bathroom

It was said that the Johannisbad causing as much as nine baths to another time . The Johannisbad – arrested on St. John , 24 June – should take place in a stream. It was considered the most influential in the entire bathroom Ordinary. As in 1330, the Italian poet and humanist Petrarch stayed at St. John in Cologne, he saw all along the Rhine women who washed their arms in the river. On his puzzled about what they were doing, they told him the misery of the year will washed away with it. One must however be observed when Johannisbad and all baths outdoors: The swimming outdoors must not happen for pleasure, otherwise it urge victims.