Prostate cancer is a serious disease that affects men. It can be treated by several different methods and the prognosis is usually pretty good considering the diagnosis in its early stages. Prostate cancer causes urinary problems and can cause decreased sexual desire or erectile dysfunction.

 prostate cancer

On the condition

Prostate cancer is cancer of the small gland that produces sperm in men. It affects one in six men in the United States. Generally there are no apparent symptoms associated with the early stages of prostate cancer, so it is difficult to diagnose. Most cases will become apparent through urinary problems and complications. Some symptoms to be aware and alert your doctor include difficulty urinating, decreased urine flow, blood in the urine, discomfort in the pelvic region and blood in your semen. There are many methods that can be used to treat prostate cancer. Age, breed, activity level and health history play a role in determining the best regime. The behavior of individual cancer also weighed in the decision process. The speed at which is growing and it has spread are considered. When diagnosed and treated early, patients with prostate cancer have a good survival rate.

Hormone Therapy

While there are many methods of treatment, hormone therapy is used in most cases. This treatment is given to stop the production of testosterone, the male sex hormone in the body. Prostate cancer grows and thrives when exposed to testosterone. This type of treatment is effective only for a short period of time, because it does not completely succeed to kill all the cancer cells and eventually cancer learn to live and reproduce without testosterone.

What is testosterone?

Testosterone is the male hormone in the body. It is responsible for male characteristics such as facial hair and voice change. It also regulates the prostate. Testosterone helps the growth of cancer cells and is prevented by hormone therapy, the input to existing cells.

How does hormonal therapy work?

There are several ways in which hormone therapy can be performed. The most common method by far is through injections or pills with intent to stop the production of testosterone in a temporary or permanent. Often, estrogen, another hormone is used to counteract the characteristics of testosterone. Large doses of estrogen considerably slow down the production of testosterone. Hormone therapy can also come in the form of surgery. In males, the testes produce testosterone. Surgical removal prevents the growth of prostate cancer.

Side effects of hormone therapy

While the goal of hormone therapy is to kill only cancer cells, sometimes it can happen that the healthy cells and tissues are destroyed or damaged in the process. The side effects most important and the more severe erectile dysfunction, inability to maintain erection during intercourse and urinary incontinence, loss of bladder control.