Overweight is a real public health problem that affects every age group. France, overtaking the United States, offers an alarming.

Obesity is a poorly understood concept because too often seen as a state of extreme overweight, which causes people to not feel concerned. However, obesity is gaining ground in France in recent years. The time when we looked at the United States a disapproving eye on this is over. The situation in France is equivalent to that of the Atlantic twenty years ago, but tends to dangerously closer and more and faster. Now, the World Health Organization (WHO) does not hesitate to speak of the obesity epidemic.

What is obesity?

Firstly, it is to establish the principle that obesity is a disease characterized by excess body fat, generalized to the entire body. It is possible to identify from the calculation of the body mass index (BMI), which are distinguished according to their different scales. It is determined by dividing weight by height squared. WHO actually a very precise interpretation:


* BMI <16.5: malnutrition; * 16.5 40: morbid obesity or massive.

In addition, a study showed that waist circumference was also talking about overweight. Beyond 100 cm waist circumference in men and 90 cm in women, excess fat is to be deplored.


The report is alarming. In France, 23.2 million people are overweight, 37.5% of the population and 5.8 million are obese, nearly 10%. Thus, more than 65 million French people are affected by overweight, 40% of the population! One in three French is too big.

Obesity in young

At the same time, the overweight condition intervenes earlier and earlier, with the risk to settle permanently. The number of obese children has doubled in ten years. According to a survey there are currently 18% of overweight children including 3% obese. Childhood obesity has serious health consequences, “hematological neurological, psychological and metabolic”, according fortissimo particular.Moreover, it seems clear that the eating habits of parents and environment have a direct impact on those children and adolescents. It is a fact, obese parents are more often obese children. This scheme is, in some way, a vicious circle when you know that obese children are much more likely to remain in adulthood.