In the 1960s, women in the world living a new revolution with the pill, they finally had power over their bodies, namely the right to decide when they want to conceive a child. Today, the pill is still one of the methods they use most, but due to some unwanted side effects decried by them, many pharmaceutical companies are developing new methods of contraception, including the following few:

The vaginal ring

The first day of menstruation, the woman places herself this flexible ring into the vagina. It releases hormones that prevent ovulation. After three weeks, she removes the ring and the rules back. A week later, she replaces it with a new ring.

The contraceptive patch

This stamp, or what some call more commonly “patch”, adheres to the skin of the woman to release a combination of hormones for a week. You must then change and for three weeks. The fourth week, no more and puts the rules are triggered. It sticks to the lower abdomen or buttocks. Its cons-indications are the same as for the pill. But apart from a few cases of skin irritation, rules sometimes painful or breast tenderness in early use, it does not indicate other significant side effects as is often the case for the pill.

contraceptive-patch

Yasmin tablets

Yasmin tablets is one of the most commonly prescribed oral contraceptives in the world, perhaps because of its low dosage, but because it is the first to result in increased elimination of sodium and water in the body. Moreover, the United States, it is wrongly called the pill makes you lose weight, probably because of its impact on the reduction of water retention. Also, its side effects are rare, which may explain its success. However, some women report weight gain, depression, mood alterations, headaches, gastrointestinal disturbances, nausea, rash or sore breasts.

The Mirena

This small device shaped T is inserted into the uterus by a doctor, such as an IUD. It releases hormones much lower than the pill and therefore causes fewer side effects. It was found that the volume of rules generally decreases of 85% during the first three months, then 97% later.

The Assure procedure

This technique, unlike tubal ligation, does not require general anesthesia, no abdominal incision and takes little time. It consists in introducing through the cervical micro-implant in each of the tubes which result in a growth of tissue and block after three months, sperm access to the port tubes. You should know that, as ligation, the procedure is permanent and irreversible sterilization.

Ongoing research

The Invisible Condom

A team of researchers at Laval University in Quebec currently working on the invisible condom, a gel that forms a protective film when it reaches body temperature. Several hours after intercourse, this film would dissolve before discharge from the vagina. It protects against both infection and pregnancy. On animals, the method appears to be safe and effective. Hopefully it will be just as for humans and it will appear very soon!

Contraceptives for men

The dream of women! And men! Freedom for those ladies who would finally alone are more responsible for contraception, and more surprises for those gentlemen who absolutely do not want to have children! Two strategies are currently under study.

Reducing the number of sperm by hormones

Regulating testosterone to be able to reduce sperm production could regulate fertility in humans.