The enemies of a nail fungus are dry, hot washing, disinfectants, hygiene, perseverance, discipline and all the antifungal drug.

What is Nail Fungus

Nail fungus is not severe, but an increasingly common infectious disease. It is caused by spores of filamentous fungi, which are set to the fingernails or toenails. In rare cases it can also shoot, yeast or molds. An infection with these fungi does not have any outbreak of the disease. Whether nail fungus occurs depends on the immune system and other predisposing factors of the individual. The nail fungus then attack the keratin, the keratin of the nails.

How is nail fungus

The nail fungus forms spores that serve to spread. They are very resilient and can survive for several weeks. The infection with the spores by contact with infected people or with shared and not sufficiently cleaned articles, such as towels or doorknobs. A transfer of the nail fungus spores can take place almost anywhere: in the sauna, in locker rooms or even when trying on shoes in a shoe shop.

nail-fungus

What are the symptoms of nail fungus

The most obvious symptom of a nail fungus is the discoloration of the nails. First, the nails lose their shine. Then white or yellowish discoloration of the nail tip or nail in the form of stripes or spots. In advanced stages, these stains have a dark yellow or brown. Furthermore, other changes in the nail are possible, such as a thickened, brittle nails, and the elimination of individual nail plates or crumbling when cutting. It is also not unusual that the nail bed ignited and there is itching and swelling.

Until then, nothing should have been done about the nail fungus, it can, in extreme cases to the destruction of the nail bed, or the failure to loosen the nail and the nail fungus from spreading to other nails come. Very often occur then pain and running quickly can be a pain, especially since the spreads faster than the fingernail fungus. However, there are some nail diseases that cause very similar symptoms to a nail fungus, and therefore distinguish only by a specialist, like the so-called “eczema nails.” These diseases both require other therapy as a nail fungus.

How can I prevent a nail fungus infection

Compliance with appropriate hygiene measures is essential to avoid infection or from their own contacts. These include:

* Nails cut down as much as possible,
* Nail scissors disinfected after use, discard after use disposable files,
* Disinfect floors,
* Wear slippers and flip-flops and then disinfect
* Shoes should be made of leather and breathable, are frequently changed and constrict the toes and not be sprayed after use with antifungal powder
* Socks made of natural fibers change daily,
* Cleaning objects that are touched frequently, such as keyboards or banisters
* Wash hands and feet regularly, dry thoroughly and disinfected, especially between the toes,
* provide for better circulation in the feet,
* Wash socks, towels, bath mats and towels at least 60 degrees Celsius,
* home never go barefoot,
* good diet and lifestyle to strengthen the immune system.

What is the medical treatment of nail fungus

It is important to consult with a nail change a family doctor, dermatologist or medical podiatrist so that the disease can be treated quickly, effectively and complications. The doctor for a definitive diagnosis as to whether and to what nail fungus is. Depending on the type of fungus and the severity of the fungal disease appropriate therapy and medication will be prescribed.

The nail fungus can be combated by the nail surface locally with antifungal drugs, such as nail polishes, ointments or tinctures. A laser treatment, wherein the uppermost layer of the nail is removed, is possible. This cost assumes the statutory health insurance is usually. For stubborn and extensive involvement of the nail fungus is attacked with tablets or capsules from the inside out. A healthy, functioning liver of the patient is a prerequisite for this systemic therapy.