Milk intolerance is caused by the lack of lactase enzyme , which has a very important function: it is capable of transforming the lactose, which is the milk sugar , glucose and galactose. The consequences consist of the production of gas in the intestines and diarrhea because undigested lactose remains in the digestive tract and ferments. The symptoms, in fact, it is these, accompanied by bloating. In view of this, it is necessary to seek an effective remedy to the problem, by following a diet appropriate, and, in the case of infants or children , you can find alternatives to cow’s milk .

The symptoms

The enzyme lactase, when it is not digested, it passes through the intestine and reached the colon, is attacked by the bacterial flora and converted into hydrogen and organic acids. These are precisely to cause swelling, tension in the abdomen, flatulence and bloating . Among other things, the undigested lactose begins to draw water into the intestine and all that does is cause diarrhea. Symptoms occur mainly in the period from 30 minutes to 2 hours after eating milk or dairy products. You can also have a milk allergy phenomenon, which affects mainly children. In cases like these, everything is caused by proteins that the body, not yet developed, considered potentially dangerous, turning an immune attack against them.

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The diet

The diet intolerance to milk must provide a number of foods that can ensure the reduction of lactose. Keep in mind that the latter is also found in yogurt, the mozzarella, the ricotta in cream and butter. There are also small traces in onions, broccoli, pears and eggs. You should also pay attention to consuming bread and baked goods, cereals, salads, meats, candies, frozen mashed potatoes with instant cooking, margarine, compounds that are used to develop pancakes and biscuits.

However, there is a value by which the subject may not even complain. It ‘important to read labels carefully to know how to adjust. It can also make use of the substitute foods, such as, for example, soy milk , to rice, almond or spelled. Not even the goat’s milk is very suitable because it has a composition of protein, fat and lactose very similar to that of cow. The adults can set in this way. In the case of children, however, you can use the donkey’s milk , which is very similar to the breast. The drawback consists in its difficult to find and in its high cost. The infant formula may cause problems, when it is done based on proteins derived from cow’s milk.

How to avoid calcium deficiency

Avoid eating dairy products – milk, you might run the risk of suffering from calcium deficiency . Moreover, this element is especially crucial for the skeletal system, so you have to be careful not to miss for our body. But how? One solution could be represented by products with added lactase , to carry out a proper diet.

Also you should not forget that milk and dairy products are not the only dietary source of calcium. You can compensate by eating leafy green vegetables , especially broccoli, spinach, cabbage, thistles. Even the vegetables are rich in calcium: lentils, beans and chickpeas. Important in this respect is also the nuts (almonds, walnuts and pistachios). Other foods to consider are the seafood , tuna, sardines and salmon. Other alternatives are constituted by calcium enriched soy milk and that of almond, which is also filled with vitamin E and magnesium. Also excellent rice milk, with its vitamin B12, and the coconut.