Low pressure, also known as “hypo tension” is more a symptom than a disease as such. It’s a bit the opposite of hypertension. Given the many risks caused by excessive voltage, one would tend to believe that more pressure is low, the better. But this is not always the case. There are minimum values ​​for blood pressure, and down below they can also cause problems. Blood pressure is a double measure to know the force of blood as it passes against the walls of blood vessels:

* Systolic pressure (the highest number) measures the force with which the heart pushes blood through the vessels.
* The diastolic pressure (the other number) measures the force with which the blood flows back into the heart, between each beat.

Blood pressure can vary slightly during the same day, but to be “normal”, it must be around 120/80 (sometimes seen 12/8). If the value of systolic pressure below 100 or 90, is that overall blood pressure is too low.

There are two types of hypo tension:

* Thermostatic hypo tension is the most common, occurs when switching quickly from a sitting or lying position to the end.
* The postprandial hypo tension is caused by external factors.

However, it should be noted that some people naturally have a blood pressure lower than average. If it is not accompanied by other symptoms, this is not a problem in itself.


Hypo tension can be caused by several factors that differ between cases and persons:

* Taking certain medications.
* Pregnancy.
* Dehydration (caused by diarrhea, vomiting, intense physical activity, etc.).
* Some diseases and disorders: a thyroid disorder, hypoglycemia or Parkinson’s disease, for example.
* A state of shock.
* A significant blood loss.


Who is affected?

Although people generally in good health may display flickering on occasion, they are rather present in:

* The elderly.
* Pregnant women.
* People who have a lot of varicose veins.
* People who have heart problems and / or have already had a stroke.
* Some diabetics.
* People suffering from a disease that affects nervous system (Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis).
* People who already low consume alcohol or cannabis.

Regarding thermostatic hypo tension, statistics show that it also hereditary factors and food she touches most frequently:

* Youth in growth period.
* Young women thin.
* People who suffer from eating disorders.
* Older people who have a very low weight.

Main symptoms

If the blood pressure measurements are the sole symptom of hypo tension, there was no need to worry because it may simply mean that your blood pressure is a little lower than average. However, it may be necessary to consult a doctor if you also use:

* Dizziness
* A generalized weakness
* Nausea
* A rapid heartbeat
* Unconsciousness
* Syncope
* Blurred vision
* Dizziness
* Drowsiness From
* From fatigue
* From confusion
* breathing too fast
* The impaired concentration
* Increased sensitivity to temperature changes
* Headaches and migraines
* Sleep disorders
* A gloom or depression


If the low pressure is not accompanied by other symptoms, your doctor will advise only to measure your blood pressure at regular intervals and at different times of the day (in the morning, after exercise, etc.). Awhile to confirm that it is a blood pressure “normal” in your case. If other symptoms are present, medical personnel try to find the reason behind the origin of the hypo tension through various tests:

* A blood
* A electrocardiography
* A stress test
* Echo cartography
* A “tilt test” review is required when the voltage drops are usually observed during transitions between sitting and standing positions.

Possible risk of complications

Again, hypo tension not accompanied by other symptoms is not inherently dangerous and may instead be a guarantee of long life. The main complications of low blood pressure occur in cases of fainting and syncope: falls can cause broken limbs or even the skull.


When hypertension is not accompanied by any other symptoms, the doctor will not prescribe medication.If medical examinations have detected the presence of a disorder or another illness, we strive to treat it, which should also remove the low voltage. In some cases, hypertension is a side effect after taking certain medications. If this is the case, the doctor will prescribe different medication.


Prevention methods are a little different depending on the style of hypo tension which we suffer.

For low pressure postprandial

* Avoid overeating.
* Try to walk for fifteen minutes after meals.
* Do not consume alcohol without food.

For low pressure thermostatic

* Stand up slowly when sitting or lying down.
* Take showers rather cold in the morning.
* Wear compression stockings if necessary.
* Drink plenty.
* Consuming enough salt.
* Do not spend long periods of standing without moving.
* Avoid alcohol and cannabis.
* While breakfast and take several small snacks during the course of the day.
* Avoid physical activity when intense heat.