Type 2 diabetes now affects in France nearly 4% of the population. What are the symptoms? How to treat it?

Each year is 5% of patients who are more concerned with this new evil of modern times. Between 500,000 and 800,000 patients are unaware. Asymptomatic early years, type 2 diabetes generally relates to men and women over 40 years with an average of about 65.

What is diabetes type 2?

Type 2 diabetes is most prevalent. 90% of diabetics are type 2. It results from a malfunction of the pancreas. Insulin, a hormone released into the bloodstream after a meal, in muscle cells transports sugar to provide energy to the cell. It can also store it in muscle and fat tissue to release it during the day, as required. Insulin keeps the blood sugar at a reasonable rate. Initially, the body’s cells become less sensitive to insulin, which causes the pancreas to produce more insulin to compensate for these effects. But after several years, a phase that can last up to 20 years, the pancreas becomes exhausted and can no longer provide the necessary efforts to answer for the loss of cell sensitivity. Insulin is not produced in sufficient quantities the rate of blood sugar becomes elevated. This is called diabetes when fasting glucose exceeds 1.26 g / l.

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Symptoms and Causes

Weight loss, headache, fatigue associated with intense thirst and frequent urination may suggest that the person suffers from this type of diabetes. 90% of cases are familial. But lifestyle plays a big role in triggering the disease. Physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, high in sugar and saturated fat, overweight (especially around the waistline) are important factors. Excessive consumption of tobacco and alcohol as well. Besides an unhealthy lifestyle, family history of cardiovascular events, or stroke occurred before age 45 are additional risk factors. If diabetes is not treated it can cause death in 50% of cases by the risk of heart disease and stroke that leads. Renal failure related to diabetes may also cause death. It can also be the cause of blindness in some cases. It increases the probability of causing a foot ulceration and in the worst case leads to limb amputation.


It is possible in some cases, when diabetes is not too high, to balance it by adopting a healthy lifestyle. Then reduce sugar intake and saturated fat to your diet is essential. A consistent diet will help foster a good balance. Stop smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Moderate physical activity daily for at least thirty minutes (walking, cycling, swimming) or more, if the loss of several kilograms is required.

Who to consult?

Anyone who has attained the age of 45 should be a routine blood test to check his blood sugar. Once the diagnosis is a multidisciplinary management including the general practitioner, diabetologist or endocrinologist, nutritionist, podiatrist and sports instructor is beneficial in the treatment of disease. The GP shall inspect and prescription analysis. Diabetologist with their detailed knowledge of the disease supports drug treatment. The podiatrist, promotes good foot health, who contrary to the state in a diabetic ungroomed can lead to amputation. The nutritionist prescribed a diet tailored to the needs and energy expenditure in order to promote maintenance of optimal blood glucose. Finally the sports instructor with the patient develops a program that meets his physical age and physical condition.

Diabetes associations

In parallel, many diabetes associations exist to improve the quality of life of patients. They can inform them, and thus promote better access to care. They help patients fight against discrimination that might be made especially in the workplace. Finally through a network of active volunteers to listen to them, they allow the patient to feel less alone and to share its experience with other patients.

These include the main French association of diabetes (AFD). Besides there are lots of local organizations: The League of diabetic Ile de France (LDIF), the Federation of Associations of diabetics in Burgundy (FADB) the Diabetic Association of Seine et Marne (AD77), the Diabetes Association of Angers and its region (ARDA), the Diabetes Association of Le Mans and in the region (ADMR), the association Lorraine aid diabetes (ALAD), the Diabetes Association of Herault, the association of diabetes Le Havre, the association of French language for the Study of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases: research missions disease. Finally, if the type 2 diabetes is very treatable, it remains a public health priority today. Too many patients still unaware and the lifestyle of contemporary society, unfortunately, contribute to their increase. But what constitutes a disability has its downside reassuring. Each of us through adherence to a simple lifestyle, can prevent this phenomenon.