Intervertebral discs are something that you think only rarely, usually we hardly notice them. We do not see them, they do not feel and there are usually no problems. But who are these “hidden” body parts that do the hard work every day?

What the discs are well

The intervertebral disc (medical term intervertebral disc) is a cartilaginous connection between the vertebrae. It is on one side of a buffer to cushion shocks, and allows on the other side of the spine , the rotating and moving in all directions.

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Construction of an intervertebral disc

The intervertebral disc consists of a jelly-like core which is surrounded by a spinal disc annulus. The gelatinous nucleus can be thought of as a cooled gelatin. On average, a disc approximately seven to twelve millimeters high, however, the discs become thinner with age. The entire discs make up about 25% of the back. Since the disc has no blood vessels, it has only a limited potential for regeneration. During the day shrinks the spine a few centimeters, as the discs lose due to the pressure and stress of fluid. This fluid “suck” them in the night when we sleep and relax again.

Herniated disc

By accident or by poor posture and improper loading, the discs can suffer damage. If the disc bulge and ring squeezed himself out, then there is a disc bulge. Breaks and enters the ring but one of the gelatinous nucleus out into the spinal canal, then there is a prolapse, before a herniated disc. The disc then pushes the core into the center of the spine, the spinal canal. In this there are the nerves, due to the compression of the core, we feel the intense pain and then it can even lead to paralysis. Will be discouraged from surgery according to the latest state of knowledge, only if numbness or paralysis come to light, has an operation as soon as possible to prevent permanent damage. It is more important to make regular physical therapy and to avoid poor posture or incorrect charges.

Prevention

• Make sure to exercise regularly and avoid repetitive strain.
• poor posture should be corrected, consult a good orthopedic physical therapy and take to complete.
• back , belly and gluteal muscles should be trained regularly. Muscles are not used, atrophy.
• Reduce or eliminate postures for an extended period, you can change from time to time your sitting position.