The hypothalamus links nervous and endocrine systems. The pituitary gland supports him in his Funtkion as an interface.

The autonomic nervous system and the endocrine system must work together in the human body coordinates. The central interface for this is the hypothalamus. Together with the pituitary gland , the pituitary gland . it regulates the hormonal system.


What exactly is the pituitary?

The pituitary gland consists of anterior and posterior lobes, otherwise known as adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis. While the anterior lobe hormones under control of the hypothalamus itself, forms the posterior lobe than for the storage and Sekretionsorgan produced hormones in the hypothalamus is responsible. Specifically, the anterior pituitary peptides and produces said protein hormones. These glands and can stimulate secondary metabolic processes set in motion directly. The neurohypophysis stores the peptide hormone oxytocin and vasopressin, which are formed by the pituitary gland.

What exactly is the hypothalamus?

The hypothalamus is located in the hypothalamus, where the autonomic nervous system is controlled. It thus represents the link between the nervous system and hormonal system, and through him, the body temperature, heart rate, renal function, hunger, thirst and sex drive and sleep patterns can be regulated. Through his sensitive response to changes in hormone levels in the blood, the hypothalamus receives information about its subordinate endocrine glands. He then separates from hormones which promote or inhibit the release and regulated in this manner the activity of the glands.

Which diseases are there?

¤Too much growth hormone leads to the so-called acromegaly in adults and in children pituitary gigantism.

¤As a result of chronically elevated corticosteroid levels occurs Cushing’s syndrome. The reasons are different.

¤To a disturbance of water balance in the body and thus to diabetes insipidus, it may be due to a lack of ADH, Adiuretin, or are a Endorganresistenz.

¤At a Prolactinom can occur if an adenoma of the pituitary gland produces excess prolactin.

¤The hypothalamus and pituitary glands are responsible for hormoninaktive pituitary adenomas.

¤Tumors, strokes or radiation can cause a failure of the anterior pituitary. These are the hormones of the adenohypophysis from perfect.