Nightmares

In five percent of the population, the nightmares of childhood persist in adulthood. They occur during the sleep cycle and is characterized by the fear of death.

The causes and consequences of nightmares

Nightmares in adults may be associated with stress or trauma appeared in his childhood or adult alcohol withdrawal and certain medications. Intensity gradually decreases and they disappear almost completely after the age of 60. They are also more common among women than among men. disorder is considered mild when nightmares occur less than once per week, moderate if they occur more than once per week and severe when return each night. Generally, psychologists recommend lucid dreaming (the dreamer is conscious of dreaming) to address the problem. Others suggest writing the dream transforming the end, it is recurring.

Sleep apnea

Well-known sleep apnea is a condition in which a sleeper stops breathing for a period of 10 seconds or more. It is sometimes due to an obstruction respirators. a rarer form of apnea was also identified. It is central sleep apnea. The brain then fails to send the necessary signals to the nervous centers chest so they resume normal breathing. Finally, mixed apnea combines two factors previous. five percent of women and 15% of men suffer. Some people even let their lives.

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What to do if you suffer from sleep apnea?

Sleep apnea can be corrected by removing excess weight and observing a healthier life by quitting smoking, for example. A face mask connected to an air pump can also correct the problem. Others will use dental braces that prevent pharyngeal tissue to close or surgery to open the airway.

The “bursts”

Do you ever happen to jump in your sleep? You may be suffering from the syndrome of nocturnal periodic movements of members. This results in involuntary movements, especially of the legs to the rhythm of movement every 20 to 40 seconds for long minutes. It is repeated three to four times during the night. Generally, these movements do not disturb the sleeper, but rather that accompanies it. Renal failure, iron deficiency and rheumatoid arthritis are sometimes responsible, as well as taking antidepressants and pregnancy. L-Dopa, a precursor of dopamine, can eliminate the problem for some.

Sleepwalking

More common in children, sleepwalking sometimes affects adults. The person then gets up from the bed and walks inside the house, sometimes outside. In the latter case, the risks are obviously higher. Generally, somnambulism is due to lack of sleep, too much stress, anxiety or alcohol. To protect the “sleeper”, install protective barriers stairs, reinforce the door locks and windows, and apply elements of protection in hazardous locations. Notice that, contrary to popular belief, waking a sleepwalker is not dangerous . It will feel disoriented, with no memory of what he did. You can also extend to his bed, taking him by the elbow. He remained asleep.

Before consulting

If your insomnia prevent you function well during the day, night to your professional and personal life, it would be best to consult a doctor or go to a sleep clinic. Three to five weeks before your appointment, keep a sleep diary. Note, in the morning, the important elements of your previous night: time light extinction, the time required to fall asleep, awakenings during the night (number and duration), time of morning awakening, lift, daytime sleepiness or napping.