High blood pressure, what to do to bring her back to normal, keeping a safe distance from the risks? Also known as the “silent killer”, thanks to his ability, not positive, encouraging the emergence of heart attacks and stroke, often without warning bell or other obvious symptoms, the blood pressure above normal values ​​is considered a risk factor dangerous, that should not be underestimated. Here is some useful advice, some guidelines for deciding what to do in case of hypertension .

If the pressure is really high

Blood pressure is the force with which the blood pumped from the heart, press on the walls of the arteries. You can talk about hypertension when blood pressure exceeds certain values: if the systolic pressure reaches or exceeds 140 mm Hg and the diastolic 90 mmHg.

LEARN HOW TO READ THE VALUES OF PRESSURE

If it is true that high blood pressure is a risk factor more prevalent among the world’s population, accomplices unhealthy lifestyles and poor eating habits, it is equally true that the information about not missing. Recently, for example, Europe has released a new handbook with all the practical information and precise to combat hypertension, approved by European Society of Hypertension and the European Society of Cardiology.

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What to do?

The winning strategy against high blood pressure involves an attack on multiple fronts and at many levels. First, the prevention, by making regular checks on shots and healthy daily habits. Then the lifestyle, once established the values ​​of blood pressure greater than, or nearly so, compared to the norm. And finally, the intake of drugs specific, effective to keep tight control pressure levels.

In the absence of preventive or if prevention is not enough and the blood pressure was dangerously closer to the alarm levels, better run for cover immediately changing lifestyle. It begins at the dinner table is essential to follow a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables, but low in salt, fat and calories. And you continue avoiding smoking, limiting alcohol and banning laziness and inactivity in favor of a good daily dose of movement and physical activity.

If all efforts at the table as in the gym, it proves futile, or nearly so. The only allies to control blood pressure medications are. In particular, there are five classes of drugs, among which the specialist selected according to the specific case and patient characteristics: diuretics, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, rein inhibitors and ACE-inhibitors.