Hepatitis C is an infectious disease caused by a virus that affects the liver and can be transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy. It is therefore important to know the characteristics to prevent any infection and avoid risky behaviors.

First, it is well to remember that to be suffering from hepatitis C is not considered, in itself, a risk factor such as to prohibit intend to become pregnant. In the case of antiviral therapy in place in any case it is advisable to consult your eye care professional before conception to ensure that medicinal products can not cause any damage or malformations in the fetus. Overall control her pregnancy will be no different from that of all other pregnant women : additional faces some tests will be sufficient to evaluate the function of the liver. Which risks of contagion runs the newborn if the mother is infected with hepatitis C?

Hepatitis-C

The risk of transmission of hepatitis C virus from a mother to child is estimated to be around 5% . The infection occurs in most cases at the time of birth and is not being uteri. This factor means that many mothers with hepatitis c decide to give birth to their child through a caesarean section to reduce the risk of contact of the baby with the mother’s blood, but your doctor will advise on a case by case basis whether it is necessary to resort to section. Factors that may increase the risk of infection are:

* Maternal viremia , or the presence in the blood of active virus. Even if you can not clear the risk of contamination in a mother without virus circulating the risk is near 0%.
* Drug addiction maternal
* Co-infection with virus HIV

Hepatitis C and lactation

An additional concern relates that many mothers with hepatitis C concerns the desire to breastfeed breastfeeding your baby. You can do it without putting at risk the health of the baby?

Breastfeeding is recommended, since no studies have shown that it increases the risk of transmission. Only if the mother developed acute hepatitis C in the third trimester of pregnancy or if there are important fissures in the nipple is preferable to choose formula feeding to avoid the risk of infecting the baby. Which is necessary or advisable to take precautions to avoid transmitting the infection Hepatitis C? First of all we must not forget that the transmission of the virus occurs through contact with infected blood, so it is important to avoid any behavior that may bring the baby into contact with the blood of the mother or the family member with hepatitis C.

In particular, it is essential to avoid sharing personal items such as toothbrush, which can be responsible to transmit the infection. If by some chance occurrence of the infection and the infant is infected with hepatitis C in which consequences could encounter? consequences to the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus are usually small claims during childhood and usually are not found major symptoms of the infection. However, hepatitis C does not heal spontaneously and tends to lead to cirrhosis or become chronic, so requires a comprehensive periodic monitoring of the state of the liver.