Today, hearing loss is not restricted to seniors, more and more young people are affected. Why? What solutions to overcome them?

Hearing problems affect everyone: 2.5 million people suffer from tinnitus, and 1 of 4 young have hearing loss recognized as pathological. Concerned, our environment increasingly loud: traffic, work, household appliances, soundscapes in public places increasingly frequent and strong. Not to mention the hi-fi, television, nightclubs, concerts and other MP3 players! Eardrums are increasingly under stress and hearing problems appear earlier. Today, a number of increasingly important thirties suffer from hearing loss equivalent to that experienced by the sixties of the last century!

What are the risk factors?

Of course, there are those who have a genetic predisposition. Indeed, there are families where the “hard of hearing” are numerous. In this case, should be monitored early hearing. From birth, hearing tests can be performed on children who are at risk of familial predisposition and regularly in order to detect as early as possible any reduction hearing and able to take action as soon as possible.

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In addition to this genetic hearing impairment, there are more environmental in origin. Thus, people who work or live in a noisy environment such as musicians, singers, DJs, sound engineers, as well as building trades, the pilots, the flight attendants not forgetting handyman Sunday and teenagers who spend hours listening to their MP3 are increasingly at the forefront. It is important to note that beyond 90 decibel noise can damage the eardrum. If it exceeds 100 decibels, it can cause irreversible damage if sustained for more than four hours a week. But you should know that the music concert or a nightclub is 105 decibels maximum imposed by law, the MP3 Max Power 100 decibels, 90 decibels a motorcycle.

How to protect acoustic trauma? Like many other diseases (diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension), it is still best to prevent acoustic trauma. Risk occupations or those exposed daily should bring specific protections. A European directive also provides up to 85 decibels at work, beyond which employees should receive appropriate hearing protectors provided by the employer, helmets or caps selective as “pianissimo”, a model for musicians who can hear the music without the ear is assaulted.For others, at a party or concert, models or silicone foam is sufficient and can be purchased in pharmacies or supermarkets. Finally, we must be careful not to listen to the music player to its maximum power, reduce the volume of the stereo and select, if possible, when buying appliances the least possible noise (dishwasher , vacuum)

What solution when sudden deafness?

After a plane trip, a concert, a party or even a very noisy fireworks, deafness may appear suddenly, often with one ear. If the noises that come appear very muted, as wrapped in cotton, it should take immediate appointment with an ENT to first perform hearing tests, and, if it deems it necessary, he may prescribe injections of corticosteroids. It is the only treatment that can now prevent deafness disorder, provided they are administered in a very short time after the onset of symptoms.

Otherwise, the only solution in cases of hearing loss is now often expensive equipment but inevitable to find a good hearing. However, the results are better and greater tolerance when installing early. This is why it is very important to get tested early, the onset of hearing discomfort, for example, when a difficulty understanding speech in noisy ambient sound or when sound a bit muffled reach or that “hissing” (tinnitus) appear.

National Day of Hearing (JNA) to be tested

Each year in France is the national day of the hearing. In 2010, 870 cities participated in this day of public health prevention that specifically addressed to young people aged 12 to 25 years to raise awareness of the risks they face with MP3 or clubs, and means of prevention existing. In 2011, the fourteenth edition will take place Thursday, March 10, 2011 and will be an opportunity to meet professionals (ENT doctors, speech therapists, prosthetists audio), to get tested for free, learn about prevention and protection or to improve his hearing.