What are the causes of the change in the rate of blood sugar during pregnancy? What are the risks for the mother and her child?

The gestational diabetes (or maternal diabetes) is caused by an abnormal rise in blood sugar in the blood of pregnant women. Testing and control are paramount. This type of diabetes affects approximately between 2 and 8% of pregnant women and often occurs during the second quarter.

How to control blood glucose

Assimilated food such as carbohydrates, fats and proteins are metabolized during digestion, and some are transformed into sugar. Mainly carbohydrates. Glucose is the basic fuel available to the body cells and the body. When it is absorbed by the bloodstream, several signals respond to his presence. Among them, insulin (secreted by the pancreas). Without insulin, the cells of the body can not regulate blood glucose.

During pregnancy

The body and the body of pregnant women face multiple hormonal changes. Energy demand for the mother and her unborn child is constantly increasing. The weight of mothers increases, and the body feels sometimes difficult to generate the insulin needed to control blood sugar. This is partly because the hormones produced by the placenta concentrate intake of nutrients to the fetus. Family history and medical habits of women are often linked to the development of diabetes.


The consequences of gestational diabetes

One of the side effects most commonly encountered in women with maternal diabetes is macrosomia: in 20% of cases, the child will be macrosomic, that is to say, a baby weighing more than 4 pounds. In this case, there is, at the end of pregnancy, the risk of fetal death risk greatly reduced if diabetes control is correct and that the fetal heart rate recordings, done regularly, are normal.

It is during labor and delivery that may arise difficulties in the birth of a baby great weight. This often results in an increased rate of cesarean section. Another situation often encountered in children of diabetic mothers is hypoglycemia (blood sugar in their blood at birth is very low). These children will be increased surveillance. Fortunately, most side effects of maternal diabetes are easily controlled and minimized by regular medical monitoring of the mother. The risk of developing diabetes in subsequent pregnancies is very high. Therefore, it is necessary to perform a test from the beginning of pregnancy.


Many simple treatments are available in cases of gestational diabetes:

* change their eating habits;
* practicing regular physical activity (under medical supervision);
* reduce food portions and adjust the pace of the meal.

In some cases, about 15%, the injection of insulin should be used to regulate blood glucose. Gestational diabetes, when identified, can be mastered and will have few side effects for the mother and the developing fetus. It is always better to benefit from regular monitoring of pregnancy and seek advice from their doctor.