The gastric ulcer is a lesion of the stomach lining . More exactly its name would be to peptic ulcer, which, when it affects the duodenum, the upper part of the small intestine, called the duodenum. Among the symptoms most characteristic a pain that varies in intensity. In addition, you may also have vomiting and bloody stools. All this happens especially in the case where the ulcer is bleeding or perforated, going to penetrate in the liver or pancreas. If you suffer from gastritis, it is good remedy in time to avoid complications. In this regard, a fundamental role is played by the diet. In any case, there is also a care specific to be implemented through the use of certain drugs .

The symptoms

The symptoms of gastric ulcer are mainly composed of heartburn and stomach pain . The painful sensation is determined by the contact of gastric acids with the ulcerated area. Usually you will feel in a body region, which includes the entire portion between the navel and the breastbone. It is of variable duration, tends to lash out at night and, in general, worse on an empty stomach in the course of a few days or weeks can appear and disappear.

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Everything must be considered in relation to the causes of gastric ulcer . These last can be traced in the abuse of alcohol and in the smoke, which are able to increase the amount of acids that irritate the gastric mucosa and corrode. Even the overuse of analgesics can cause the disorder. In fact, the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs inhibit the production of an enzyme that produces substances that protect the stomach lining. Pure stress can contribute to a more acute the problem. Complications can get to the emergence of a malignant ulcer, the nature of which is diagnosed by endoscopy and biopsy. Other symptoms severe manifestations are represented by the nausea, the vomiting, the traces of blood, which can also be present in the stool, changes in appetite and weight loss.

The care

The gastric ulcer therapy involves the use of specific medicines . Typically are used antiulcer , able to reduce the amount of hydrochloric acid present in the digestive tract. Their mechanism of action is to prevent histamine to reach the receptors, which stimulate the production of acids. The antacids inhibit the action of gastric acid already produced.

The diet

The diet for gastric ulcer involves consider what to eat and what should be avoided. The foods that give consist mainly of dairy products, meat, meats, fish, desserts high in calories, vegetables are digested with difficulty, as the peppers, onion, leek, legumes, mushrooms. To limit the consumption of dried fruit.
Recourse must be had to foods that do not cause a feeling of heaviness and are not irritating. You can eat the vegetables easily digestible, such as carrots, tomatoes and zucchini. Among the condiments are to be favored lemon juice, herbs, balsamic vinegar; better to reduce the salt.

To cook should resort to steaming, boiling and stewing at no added fat . Are to be avoided carbonated drinks , the coffee (the limit is fine as barley). You can drink herbal teas, fruit juices diluted and centrifuged vegetables. It is good to remember not to eat quickly, to divide the meals, however minimal, throughout the day, to chew carefully and do not have anything to eat nor too hot nor too cold.