The psychoneurosis, or nail fungal infections is a disease caused by a fungus that triggers the infection and may remain confined to a single nail, hands or feet, or affect the other. The affected part becomes thicker, deformed, changes color and becomes dull ; often also have longitudinal stripes and if the fungus gets in depth the nail crumbles side also causing pain.

Risk Factors

The nail fungus infection is established more easily with the heat and humidity and therefore are more affected toenails, because of closed shoes and socks breathable little that can promote the proliferation of the fungus. Even the attendance of swimming pools and changing rooms and repeated immersion in water are risk factors, as well as previous trauma of the nail (barrel and hematoma), the low immunity, circulation problems , and some ailments such as athlete’s foot or diabetes mellitus.

fungal-infections

The people most affected by psychoneurosis are the elderly with age because the nails thicken and are therefore more vulnerable to the attack of the fungus. Complications and Symptoms The first signs that lead to a diagnosis are the discoloration nail that appears brittle and deformed and the bad smell. Over time, if left untreated, this disease can also spread to other nails and other parts of the body. In people with diabetes, then, the nail fungus infection can be very dangerous because it can affect the nerve endings and the bloodstream.

Cure and prevention

The first rule is to prevent, maintaining healthy nails: after washing, always dry hands and feet focusing on the spaces between the toes; do manicure and pedicure accurate , while maintaining a short form and square, and finally should be chosen shoes are not too tight and wear breathable socks. Yet when the immune defenses are low and the body weak, prevention is not always enough, however, and may develop a fungal infection of the nails. In this case it is important to immediately consult a podiatrist who will indicate the most appropriate medical treatment according to the person. Often the treatment is very long because the nail takes about nine months a year to fully grow. Only in very severe cases it is recommended that the surgical removal of the nail.