The name of this vitamin B group is not new to anyone, or nearly so, especially for mothers or would-be. But if there is a deficiency of folic acid , what happens? There are a number of possible symptoms and possible consequences , but also a treatment effective, or better, a winning strategy to prevent the amount of this substance so valuable to the health of the body drops below dangerous levels. Here is some useful information on folic acid, its role and the negative effects of its deficiency.

Folic acid

It is a water-soluble vitamin B group, also known as vitamin B9, which has a key role in all the reactions of synthesis, repair and lamentation of the DNA . Essential for the proliferation, maturation, cell multiplication and for the production of red blood cells, folic acid acts as an enzyme, in “cahoots” with another substance of the same group, the vitamin B12 in the breakdown and utilization of proteins . Many many roles and responsibilities, that folic acid can interpret and support only if it is taken in adequate amounts, through the ‘ power or supplements specific. When it does not, as unfortunately it still happens today in many less developed countries, there may be a deficiency of folic acid, with all the consequences and symptoms of the case.


Deficiency, causes and treatment

If folic acid is in short supply, the possible cause or predisposing factors may be food grade or not. In particular, it is to be considered at risk in this regard feeding little varied and balanced diet low in fruits and vegetables, which increasingly is a reality for many elderly . Could adversely affect the levels of folic acid in the body also some medical treatments and medications. Under prosecution, for example, the drugs folic acid antagonists, such as certain types of antibiotics or chemotherapeutic.

To prevent and combat the lack of folic acid, you can choose a diet that has as protagonists foods rich in folic acid, such as offal, the vegetables leafy green (lettuce, spinach, broccoli), legumes, eggs and cereal grains.
In the case of would-be mothers, however, the diet is not enough, you need to take a specific supplement of folic acid. During the pregnancy , in fact, between the “observed special” there are just folic acid, which must not be too small in quantity, and homo cysteine, which should not be, on the contrary, too high . The advice is to start taking supplements of vitamin B9 one month before conception to ensure the fetus proper development, protecting it from some congenital malformations of the neural tube load.

The symptoms, the consequences

In the case of folic acid deficiency, symptoms, disorders more or less obvious, assume the dual role of consequences. To this category belong with two faces: the ‘ macrobiotic anemia , changes in the skin and mucous membranes of varying degrees, and weakening of graying hair , glottis (inflammation of the tongue), and gastrointestinal disorders.