The weather makes the tantrums, the days are getting shorter, the temperatures drop and the number one enemy of health in this period is called the flu , accompanied by colds and fever . To play in advance, the best ally, even for 2014 , it is the flu vaccine . Prevention insured for the whole family, including children, yes, but how? Here is some useful information on the flu vaccine, about when to do it , all the benefits and possible contraindications.

The flu vaccine, why?

The flu vaccine is the most effective preventive weapon to counter the onset of the flu. It is a trivalent vaccine for the influenza season 2013/2014, made ​​as prescribed by the directions of the ‘ WHO (prepared in accordance to the geographical location and the information relating to the circulating viral strains). As argued by the World Health Organization, vaccination aims especially the prevention of serious and complicated influenza and the reduction of mortality from influenza in people considered at risk.

flu-vaccine

For this reason, the flu vaccine is recommended in some specific cases: the elderly, over 65, the children older than six months, teens and adults suffering from diseases risk complications, like many chronic diseases (diabetes, renal failure, diseases chronic respiratory and cardiovascular etc.); pregnant women crossing the influenza epidemic period when they are in the second or third trimester of pregnancy . To people considered at risk, the vaccine is administered free of charge, for others, the cost is estimated between 10 and 13 euro.

When you do this?

Explained the what and the why not just have to give some information about when it is best to do so. The advice is to really play in advance, before the month in which the influence reaches its peak spread , in between January and March. The flu vaccine should be administered in the fall , in the period from the middle of the month of October to the beginning of December. Similar to other vaccines, mechanism of action, but different in terms of duration. In fact, the flu vaccine has a duration exceeding one year, therefore, to be effective, it must be repeated every autumn.

Contraindications and side effects

Very few contraindications to vaccination against influenza, which mainly concern the allergy to egg proteins, acute illnesses and minor ‘ HIV infection and other immune deficiencies. Among the possible side effects mild, which can occur after vaccination are subject to local reactions such as redness and swelling in the injection site and systemic reactions (6-12 hours later), such as malaise, fever, and muscle pain, usually designed to resolve spontaneously within a few hours.