Characteristic of the infection is in the form of a butterfly rash on cheeks and nose.

Fifth disease is an infectious disease caused by the so-called parvo virus. Most often it occurs in winter and spring and can cause in kindergartens and schools real epidemics. Are particularly affected school children between five and 15 years, but other ages can become infected. Anyone who has ever contracted fifth disease, has lifelong protection against the disease.

How can fifth disease be transmitted?

The viruses are usually transmitted by saliva droplets when sneezing, coughing or speaking (droplet infection). The incubation period, ie the time from infection to the onset of the disease is, usually 13 to 18 days. Fifth disease is a few days before the onset of the rash contagious until its end.

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What are typical symptoms of fifth disease?

The most characteristic feature is the butterfly-shaped rash. He starts on the face and spreads from one to four days after (n) on arms, legs and entire body. Duration and intensity of the rash can be very different and vary from a few days to several weeks. Some children are plagued by itching, others are completely free of symptoms. Also, fever, joint pain and swollen lymph nodes sometimes stay out completely. The disease is usually mild and harmless for children. In some children, breaking the fifth disease in the first place, but they can infect other children anyway.

How is it diagnosed?

Fifth disease can undoubtedly be identified by its characteristic rash. Very light curves are often overlooked. Using a blood test can determine whether the patient has fifth disease or the disease had previously been.

As fifth disease treated?

Medical treatment of the disease is usually not required because the infection goes by without further intervention from yourself. With cooling means and envelopes can be effectively relieved the itching.

How to prevent fifth disease?

There is neither a vaccine nor other measures to prevent the disease. By the end of the infection of other ill children, however, should be kept away children and pregnant women to reduce the risk of transmission.