The requirements for the products are steadily increasing. It is interesting to even deal with the effective ingredients apart.

Detergents contain enzymes in addition to the breakdown of proteins, surfactants, water softeners, bleach, alkaline agents, optical brighteners, fillers, foam regulators (to prevent corrosion of the washing machine), corrosion inhibitors, and fragrances.

What are enzymes in the field of detergents and cleaning agents?

Enzymes are proteins that are used in small amounts for the cleavage of water-insoluble, protein-based stains are used. The enzyme used types are more efficient than their predecessors and are grown in containers from microorganisms such as bacteria or yeasts.Because of their allergy-inducing effect on workers in the detergent manufacturing process, they are only as granules. Enzymes act optimally at temperatures of 50 ° to 70 ° C, temperatures above destroy them. In general, enzymes are biologically and ecologically well-degradable and can be used safely in the home.

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How is the production?

With the aid of microorganisms the majority of the enzymes used is produced by genetic engineering. In addition, the effects of these enzymes by pinpoint, genetic modifications can be improved in the protein structure.

Why Enzymes? What are the benefits?

We have found in most detergents, enzymes for easy removal of difficult stains such as lipstick, grass stains, chocolate and the like. The addition of enzymes has many advantages in the laundry room, there can be washed at low doses and low temperatures. This saves energy and protects clothes. Hot wash or prewash could thus belong to the past, namely laundry detergent enzymes are active even at 30 degrees.

The main advantage of enzymes is the removal of stains. Spots are nothing more than organic compounds by certain classes of enzymes, these compounds can split into smaller components that can be easily solved in turn by textiles. Initially, proteases (protein degrading enzymes) and amylase (starch-splitting enzymes) offered on the market. Proteases attack other proteins such as blood or egg stains, amylases for carbohydrates like chocolate stains. The introduction of lipases could not prevail.

What happens in biocatalysis?

This impracticality or expensive chemical reactions can be realized with the help of enzymes. In soil samples or existing laboratory strains, the researchers are looking for powerful, appropriate enzymes meeting the requirements. The questions, which deal with the researchers, are that the enzyme found stable for several weeks and at what temperature it remains the best potency. Part in the search and clear the appropriate enzyme, the researchers from a mass of cells. Through a so-called, in the 80s developed “coating process” will separate the raw material then coated with a silica shell and can be used in the detergent. The pure enzyme fraction is only 0.04% in the detergent.

Function of the environment ministry in this area

The Ministry of Environment has the option of enzymes used in enzyme detergent manufacturers and producers to follow qualitatively and quantitatively, since the enzyme manufacturer to commit to give available data on the origin and manufacture of detergents used in cleaning agents and enzymes known. Conversely, to commit the supplier of detergents and cleaning agents to use only those enzymes, enzyme manufacturers from whom the data are delivered to the Ministry of Environment.