“Right now I have an average of once per day in a child with a tick bite treatment,” says pediatrician George gardener from Hamm. The nice weather makes the pests are active. Children are particularly vulnerable because they like to wander through meadows and forest edges, where ticks are lurking.

The bite of a tick normally harmless can be dangerous if the animal is known as Lyme disease bacteria or virus TBE (tick-borne encephalitis) transfers. Reddened inflamed or within three weeks, the skin at or around the affected area, this may be a sign of a Lyme infection. Sometimes a flu-like symptoms. “You should inform the doctor that a tick bite may be the cause,” advises gardeners. Lyme disease can be treated with antibiotics. Against TBE virus infection there is a preventive vaccine. However, encephalitis occurs only in certain areas of Germany, large parts of Baden-Wuerttemberg and Bavaria, but also in districts of Hesse, Thuringia and Rhineland-Palatinate ‘.

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The dangerous infection can lead to inflammation of the brain, meninges and nerves and can cause long-term sequelae. Those who live in vulnerable areas, or want to go on holiday, should be vaccinated himself and his family. For the rest of Europe is, according to the gardener’s rule of thumb, traveling in the north and west is not a problem of who goes in the south and east, should be possible to vaccinate, even if the visit planned for one week only.

Short-term protection is achieved already with two vaccinations. “No later than three weeks should be started before the holiday,” said Gardener. For long-term effect is a third vaccination is necessary. “The protection then lasts longer and only needs to be refreshed from time to time by vaccination.” If you want to protect themselves effectively from the outset against tick bites should wear closed-in woods and fields and long-sleeved clothing and long pants. In addition, after each stay outdoors clothing and body of the little critters scan.

“If any are removed early enough, there is a chance that they still do not transmit diseases,” said Gardener. He removed ticks regularly in practice, who have no blood drawn. “The best thing is, the tick as quickly as possible with a good pair of tweezers to pull out,” said Gardener. His tip: the fold of skin at the site, which sits on the tick, grasp with one hand and hold, then start with light pressure the tweezers and pull it up vertically. Then disinfect the place. “Children do not like to keep still for long, and certainly not if you will make a small operation,” says gardener, so he recommends, as quickly and without hesitation to approach the matter.