Osteoporosis is one of the most common diseases. But what are the diagnostic and treatment methods is to detect the disease early and to heal successfully?

Osteoporosis was previously treated only in the event of first painful fractures. Today, the knowledge about the disease at a very mature and it will take into account genetic and acquired factors to the bone disease timely observed.

diagnosis_s

What is osteoporosis and what are the symptoms?

When osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by reduced bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue. This means that the bones are removed and it is due to a decrease in bone density and fractures to the smallest efforts already at or slightly over. The consequences are hip and forearm fractures, hip, vertebral and rib fractures.

In order to detect early osteoporosis, one should note the following symptoms:
¤Frequent back pain,
¤Decrease in body size,
¤Changes in attitude
¤restricted mobility of the spine,
¤Difficulty breathing
¤and unsteady gait.

By the fracture of a vertebral body results in a significant reduction in size of more than 4 cm, a hunched back and severe pain. This creates a false strain, which can lead to osteoarthritis of the knee.

Diagnostic DXA method

There are various methods and medical devices to detect early osteoporosis. Today’s most sophisticated and most frequently used the DXA method (sometimes called DEXA) is where two different intense beams of energy through the skeleton primarily through the lumbar spine and hip, are sent. The bone density measurement or technical terms “densitometry” is the only way to detect the disease in sufficient time, ie before the first fracture. The specification of the DXA examination is performed with the t-value: normal values ​​are above -1, precursor to osteoporosis -1 to -2.5, below the last value is osteoporosis with increased fracture risk.

The advantage of this diagnostic method is the low radiation dose to the patient, not taking pills or contrast agents, and the simple and rapid implementation of the investigation. Other methods, such as the skeletal X-ray, computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging have either an excessive radiation exposure or can not detect the disease early enough. The quantitative ultrasound measurement, the DXA method, not replace, since lack experience in the diagnosis of osteoporosis, yet it is increasingly being used because there is no radiation exposure and it is simple to use.

Chances of recovery with proper treatment

Osteoporosis therapy encompasses many different treatment methods:

Massage, acupuncture, infrared radiation and electrotherapy alleviate severe pain in the spine and limbs.
For chronic pain, it is also reasonable to prescribe bed rest and heat treatments. After the rest period should immediately begin physical therapy to the muscles and to strengthen the bones. The best health sports are swimming and underwater gymnastics, since the body is trained here, and for the spine and joints are relieved. From the beginning, they are prescribed bisphosphonates inhibit bone resorption and have long been used successfully in cases of osteoporosis. It comes in tablet form for example of Fosamax, Actonel or Didronel kit.

As patients take on the usual diet low in calcium and vitamin D, these are prescribed in the form of tablets, effervescent tablets, chewable tablets, or powders. The recommended daily intake for calcium for osteoporosis sufferers is 1000mg and vitamin D 1000 IU (international units). Hormone replacement therapy is used individually with consultation of a gynecologist, as in women from the menopause, estrogen production drops, and so triggers a continuous bone loss. All of these therapies offer hope for a successful recovery. But you need in a lot of patience and discipline to set his life in all aspects of the disease.