Fattening foods or weight loss? Cancer risk even by natural sweet herb Stevia? Studies for and against.

There is hardly an area follow the findings and results of this conflict as quickly and as many as another in the nutritional sciences. Only a small but highly controversial issue for decades in the field of diet sweeteners. Which of the numerous studies of the sweetener or not interests of the sugar industry or the diet pill manufacturers follow is often difficult to detect.

General

It is undisputed that sweeteners do not promote the formation of caries. Free of glucose, they offer the possibility of diabetes sweetened food and drinks to enjoy. In modern medicine, the food aspect is not as relevant as can be optimally adjusted to the appropriate insulin therapy and diabetes just eating the sugar. Sweeteners are often used when the desired weight loss. It has been calculated that just by sweeten coffee or tea with sweetener instead of sugar per year could save 23 360 kcal, which corresponds to a fat tissue mass of 3 kg.

ADI

The legal limit quantities (ADI (Acceptable Daily Intake) for sweeteners are limited by several national and international committees of experts. Limits are determined by starting with a lifetime daily amount ingested (plus a high safety factor) without the occurrence of an adverse reaction to. Values each refer to mg / kg of body weight. So put the European Food Safety Authority for the first time ADI for aspartame 1984 to 40mg/kg body weight. Several checks in subsequent years confirmed the border. The last report from 08.01. 2013th. When using sweeteners in the usual amounts consumed the ADI values ​​are not or hardly reached.

controversial-sweeteners

And pig insulin

Repeatedly appeared on the fear that it could get through the intake of sweeteners to an appetite. Weight reduction should be achieved, that would be counterproductive. Again and again, the argument would sweetener used in pig headed. Highly reputable research, including at the Institute of Animal Nutrition, Nutrition Diseases and Dietetics showed the Veterinary Faculty of the University of Leipzig that sweeteners are not used for pigs, but only in the early stages of pig breeding to switch from breast milk to solid food, which go there just to taste components . In order to achieve the desired sweetness, only tiny amounts of sweetener would be needed.

According Feed Regulations apply sweeteners in pig but as appetizing. Since the 70s, it is claimed in studies claimed by the inclusion of sweetener would result in the perception of the sweet taste to increased insulin secretion and thus hunger. Recent studies have concluded that there is no impact on insulin levels is given.

Health risks of aspartame?

Contained in about 6000 food sweetener aspartame example, has been associated with headaches, allergies and epilepsy. Also an increased cancer risk is cited. So far, neither clear evidence of harmfulness are delivered or for the safety as it studies each to emerging studies out there that want to prove them wrong. In any case, there is hardly such a thoroughly researched material that will continue to be checked constantly.

Natural Stevia

From the plant Stevia rebaudiana derived sweetener stevioside, approved in December 2011 in the EU, up to 30 to 300 times sweeter than table sugar, is a natural and healthy so propagated. Originally from South America plant is commonly used as a sweetener there. Stevia has a connotation that it can not be suitable for everyone and not for all dishes. The product does not contain at least virtually no calories and is non-cariogenic.

Even with this natural product a possible cancer risk was also discussed. In animal studies, the alleged danger of increased tumor formation was confirmed. However, were here, like some of other sweeteners, excessive amounts of the tested completely unrealistic.