With as many as 37 thousand new cases each year in Italy, the breast cancer is the most common breast cancer in women . A very common form of cancer, which can take different forms and characteristics. In addition to the symptoms , the treatment, surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy , the most effective strategy to combat breast cancer has as protagonists the prevention and early diagnosis . Before you identify the tumor, the more elevated the hopes and survival rates. To learn more about this enemy of Women’s health, here is some useful information.

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The characteristics

The breast, one of the most characteristic parts of the anatomy of the female body, is nothing more than a collection of glandular structures. When some of the cells of the mammary gland multiply in an uncontrolled way, turning into malignant cells, develops breast cancer. A tumor from a number of possible faces. In fact, in addition to more macro-known distinction between cancer benign and malignant , it is possible to distinguish malignant invasive cancers (ductal carcinoma and lubulare) and noninvasive, you can classify the tumor into five stages , from 0 to IV, from the beginnings to the earliest forms of cancer already metastasized, characterized by the presence of metastases in other organs. If the cancer is detected in a timely manner, when the first stage (0), the estimated five-year survival is 98%.

Prevention

Prevention of breast cancer means, above all, self-examination . Should be performed about once a month, possibly at the end of the menstrual flow, and alterations to look for are: the appearance of a node in the breast or in the armpit, the change in shape or symmetry of the breast, irritation, and the ‘redness of the nipple or breast skin. Other signals not to be underestimated are the presence of a loss of blood or other secretions from the nipple, accompanied by pain, or increased sensitivity of the same. In the presence of anomalies, better see your doctor for an accurate assessment.

Symptoms

Breast cancer does not “feel” so striking as any one disease, indeed. If the pain and discomfort are not considered indicative, the only real alarm bells, found with the ‘ self-examination, the nodules are, are unusual clusters detectable to the touch, changes in the skin or nipple.

The diagnosis

The self-examination can make sense the presence of an anomaly, palpation by the specialist may provide some more confirmation, but the real certainty is obtained only with the diagnosis through tests strumental i. In particular, the ‘ ultrasound and mammography are able to “unmask” the presence of breast cancer. If these diagnostic allies show the presence of a suspicious nodule, usually doing a biopsy, which allows a cytology or microhistology of cells and tissues.