With as many as 37 thousand new cases each year in Italy, breast cancer is the most common cancer in women . A very common form of cancer, which can take different forms and characteristics. In addition to the symptoms , the treatment , surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy , the most effective strategy to combat breast cancer has as protagonists the prevention and early diagnosis . Before you identify the tumor, most are high hopes and survival rates. To learn more about this enemy of health for women, here is some useful information.

The characteristics

The breast, one of the most characteristic parts of the anatomy of the female body, is nothing more than a collection of glandular structures. When some of the cells of the mammary gland multiply in an uncontrolled way, turning into malignant cells, develops breast cancer. A tumor from the various existing faces. In fact, in addition to more macro-known distinction between cancer benign and malignant , it is possible to distinguish invasive malignancy (ducal carcinoma and tubular) and noninvasive. In addition, you can classify a tumor in five stages , from 0 to IV, from his earliest forms of cancer already metastasized, characterized by the presence of metastases in other organs. If the cancer is detected early, when it is at the first stage (0), the estimated five-year survival is 98%.



Prevention of breast cancer means, especially, autosuggestion . Must be performed approximately once a month, preferably at the end of the menstrual flow, and alterations are to be searched: the appearance of a node in the breast or the axilla, the variation in the shape or symmetry of the breast, the irritation and l ‘redness of the nipple or breast skin. Other signals are not to underestimate the presence of a loss of blood or other secretions from the nipple, accompanied by pain, or an increased sensitivity of the same. If there are any abnormalities, better see your doctor for an accurate assessment.

Three movements to be performed, exercising with your fingertips three different levels of pressure, mild moderate and intense and small circular massages. First move the pads around the breast creating concentric rings, which are closed in a spiral, starting from the outside to get in the vicinity of the nipple. Then perform vertical movements, covering the entire surface of the breast, and finally perform a series of movements from outside to inside of the breast, and vice versa, in order to examine each sector.

as many also important l ‘ observation of the breast, to verify the presence of any alterations in shape or size of the breast or nipple. To do this, we better get in front of the mirror with his hands on his hips, with your upper arms or with your hands behind your head, with your arms at your sides, pressing firmly to contract the pectoral muscles, leaning slightly forward and holding arms resting on her hips.

If prevention “do it yourself” is based mainly on self-examination and observation, the specialist just imagine two instrumental tests to be carried out periodically. Ultrasonography, a simple non-invasive test, which explores the structure of the mammary gland by means of ultrasound and mammography, an X-ray examination which, using x-rays, allows us to study carefully the breasts.

The symptoms

Breast cancer does not “feel” so striking as any one disease, indeed. If the pain and discomfort are not considered indicative, the only real alarm bells, found with the ‘ self-examination , the nodules are, that is abnormal or not detectable to the touch, changes in skin or nipple.

The diagnosis

The self-examination can make sense the presence of an anomaly, palpation by the specialist may provide some more confirmation, but the real certainty is obtained only with the diagnosis through the exams instrumental. In particular, the ultrasound and mammography are able to “unmask” the presence of breast cancer. If these diagnostic allies show the presence of a suspicious lump, usually making a biopsy , which allows a cytology or microhistology of cells and tissues.

The care

In the presence of a diagnosis of breast cancer, treatment options are provided for the major surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The transaction is targeted to surgical removal of the tumor areas, in a more or less invasive or conservative based on the type of tumor and its extension. If radiotherapy, with cycles of varying intensity and duration is required in most cases, chemotherapy, however, is not always necessary.