Contrary to popular belief, there is no causal link between excessive consumption of carbohydrates, particularly sugar and diabetes.

That said, a high consumption of sucrose can reveal the existence of a genetic predisposition to diabetes, which results in the appearance of signs of the disease: decreased vision, hemorrhages in the retina, cataract. This reconsideration the origin of the disease has led physicians and dietitians to liberalize the diet of diabetics. But aside from food, precautions for healthy living with her diabetes remain unchanged.

Two diabetes

There are two types of diabetes: insulin dependent (type 1) diabetes and non-insulin dependent (type 2). Both are characterized by too high a rate of glucose in the blood, but they do not declare themselves for the same reasons. They are treated differently. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease that typically begins before adulthood. It results from the selective destruction of pancreatic cells that secrete insulin, a hormone regulating glucose in the blood. This disease is often hereditary. The treatment aims to permanently maintain blood glucose within a physiological range. The means used are the daily insulin injections.

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Overweight

In the case of type 2 diabetes, insulin is produced in excess, but it no longer succeeds in lowering blood sugar. This is called insulin resistance. Very often, diabetes is associated with excess body fat, mainly located in the abdomen. The treatments vary among individuals, but they all involve a reduction of overweight. A loss of 5 to 10 pounds can improve insulin resistance.

Regime change

The non-insulin dependent diabetic (type 2) should primarily monitor weight. To achieve this, it must reduce its total calories and increasing physical activity. Until very recently, diets of diabetics were very strict and binding: they seriously limited breads and starchy and not allowed any sugar or anything sweet. Today no food is forbidden for diabetics and the proportion of carbohydrates in their diet may be up to about 40% or 50% of total energy intake. Diabetics can allow himself to eat anything sweet after a meal, provided they do not exceed their “credit” carb. By cons, they should avoid eating sugary foods and drinks between meals. The better understanding of digestion and absorption of carbohydrates has led to improved dietary advice given to diabetics and to liberalize their diet.