Almost half of the Spanish used incorrectly antibiotics. Its use to alleviate colds and flu, as well as ineffective, endangers our health.

Antibiotics are valuable drugs for the treatment of bacterial infections. However, not all infections are caused by bacteria, as is the case for most respiratory infections and catarrhal processes so frequent and flu , whose leaders are virus and to which antibiotic treatment is useless or even counterproductive long term. For this reason, the Spanish Agency for Medicines and Health Products ( Competent Authority ) recommends responsible use, and always under medical prescription of such drugs as the only way to avoid the appearance of complications and side effects.


According to the report released last November on the occasion of the Second European Day for the prudent use of antibiotics held by the Spanish Society of Family and Community Medicine ( semFYC ), Spain is one of the European Union countries with the highest rate self-medication. This unhealthy habit that is particularly important in the use of antibiotics, and storage with intention of future use, where we stand as the second European country to antibiotic use after France.

Although it might seem, the high consumption of antibiotics does not mean we have a higher incidence of bacterial infections, but used improperly to treat ailments that do not require or respond to antibiotic procedures. By contrast, the misuse of these drugs themselves can trigger negative consequences for our health and that of the entire population, because the bacteria responsible for infections have the ability to develop resistance to antibiotics in the future to prevent them from their function.

Moreover, not only the unnecessary use of antibiotics is responsible for the emergence of resistance among bacteria, also the abandonment of the treatments prescribed by your doctor before stated favors the ineffectiveness of these drugs against future infections, and that low doses of antibiotics administered intermittently or contribute to bacterial resistance.

Moreover, although we are quite familiar with antibiotics, because virtually everyone we’ve had to make at some point, we must not forget that antibiotics are like any other drug and therefore can cause allergies or adverse reactions serious. Thus, unnecessary exposure without medical supervision can bring serious consequences to our health.

Boards in the use of antibiotics

Do not self medicate. First symptoms of possible infection, semFYC recommended to go to our doctor who will assess whether or not we need antibiotic treatment. After starting the antibiotic treatment prescribed by the doctor , we should not leave half but we feel better and symptoms of the disease have disappeared. We should pay special attention to antibiotic treatments given to children and the elderly, and make sure to take daily doses determined by the physician until the end of it.

Some side effects of antibiotic treatment

Most often antibiotics combat a broad spectrum of bacteria, this means the destruction of the bacteria causing the infection, but also the natural bacterial microflora in our bodies. The loss of this natural flora most often causes the proliferation of small infections caused by pathogenic bacteria as a result of the imbalance occurred. This is usually the appearance of gastrointestinal discomfort that usually presents with diarrhea or swelling, when the intestinal flora is affected, or the proliferation of opportunistic fungi such as candida when the vaginal flora is affected or the oral mucosa.

To avoid or minimize the possible side effects such as unpleasant, it is advised that during antibiotic treatment products consume probiotics . These products are so called because probiotics have beneficial bacteria (Lactobacillus and Bifidus) to help restore the imbalance caused by the regeneration treatment and therefore the natural bacterial flora.

Some foods that have this type of probiotic bacteria are yoghurt or milk fermented with lactic acid bacteria. Its regular use during the duration of antibiotic treatment significantly help reduce the occurrence of diarrhea. It is further recommended to be consumed on an empty stomach or after eating, as are the times when gastric acid levels are low, so that the probiotic bacteria more easily reach “active” to the intestine. It is also advisable for the duration of antibiotic treatment, avoid eating irritating or exciting intestinal tract, such as Alcohol , caffeine, sugars and refined flour or animal fats.