The diagnosis of dementia caregivers and family members is a major challenge. Guidance in this situation are more important than ever.

In Germany there are 1.2 million people with dementia (in 2010). More than 60 percent of whom suffer from Alzheimer’s dementia, the most famous of the various forms of dementia. By the year 2050, these numbers double, according to estimates. Education and support are therefore becoming increasingly important. Despite numerous offers of home care services, information leaflets from health insurance companies and private service members feel that the first time be confronted with such a diagnosis with their mother or their father, helpless and alone. One reason is that the related party change and the foreign children or grandchildren will.

What is Alzheimer’s disease?

Alzheimer’s disease is a disorder of the nerve cells of the brain. By an imbalance of the neurotransmitter glutamate, the nerve cells are destroyed. This is done in different areas of the brain. It also speaks of neurodegenerative dementia. The Alzheimer’s dementia is only one of many types of dementia and also the most common and best known. Dementia is the general term for diseases that cause the loss of intellectual abilities such as thinking, remembering or logical linking of contexts. It is also the vascular, frontotemporal dementia or Pick’s disease, the. In the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD 10), is the concept of dementia defined globally valid.

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Dealing with dementia requires patience above all

An ill with Alzheimer’s disease in a person lives his own world. Environment and perception change completely for him. The short-term memory is usually affected first and the sufferer often forget things within minutes, which were discussed with him. This can lead to impatience on both sides and stress. The members often lose patience when he has to repeat things several times and it still does not help. The patient feels unfairly treated and disciplined. In addition, many people with dementia to feel her own memory decline and are unsure of their once-familiar surroundings. Nurses need to be patient, slow speech and repetition to learn from the simplest instructions.

Where members can find help for people with dementia

Most people with dementia in the course of the disease care. The current society is in spite of increasing demand is not sufficiently prepared for this situation. The nursing care insurance and health insurance are not active until a classification is made ​​into a level of care. Mostly, the members themselves must take care of everything. A relief provide outpatient health services. Including religious and private institutions. The Catholic and Protestant social service and welfare organizations such as Caritas, Diakonia and German Red Cross usually offer local Betreuungen dementia. Ambulatory care services can for example take the medication. In practice, this often enough with increasing memory decline is not enough. The ill often needs a full-service, which can be very expensive and exceeds the allowance by far. The German Alzheimer Society provides a general overview about the problem of the disease.

Memory clinics – first point of contact for people with dementia and their families

The first stop for accurate estimation of the memory disorder clinics offer specialized clinics. There, the stage of disease with CT scans of the brain and specifically elaborated socio-psychological and logical tests are judged. The memory clinics also provide comprehensive advice and a possible therapeutic potential benefits. Only when you know where you stand at all, you can use the aid effectively. The discussions with the specialists to help the families, the disease and the behavior of the patients to understand better. memory clinics or consultations are available in most university hospitals in Germany.

What to do in constant need of care?

The biggest concern of many older people and their relatives is often the fear of a nursing home. If it’s not a nursing home specializing in dementia with well-trained nurses, a placement of a loved one is an onerous moral conflict. No one wants to put his mother or father quietly with drugs all day to see sitting in front of the television. For lack of quality and quantity of nursing staff, this is unfortunately a reality in many nursing homes rather than the exception. These high costs are eligible for residential care. On the other hand, most working families can not afford to give up the job and take care. Thank remains only the middle of an at least cost-effective and humane alternative often a caregiver living in the house. With this win Eastern nurses and domestic helpers become increasingly important. Without this possibility of senior care, most affected families and the state would be in its social responsibility overburdened.