Keeping on top of health and fitness is very important as it can help us lead a healthy life. It is also a great preventative method against contracting any illnesses and infections. However, some people will suffer from a chronic disease. These are illnesses that are largely untreatable, and something the patient has for life. It is important to be able to spot the symptoms of chronic diseases quickly so that you can get the right medication to make it easier to live with. Here are five common chronic diseases and what to watch out for.



Asthma usually presents itself throughout childhood. It’s a long-lasting condition that leaves patients short-of-breath and with regular wheezing and coughing. The symptoms are mainly to do with breathing. If you experience regular wheezing, a tightness of the chest, and coughing, then you should visit your family doctor. Most asthma sufferers can lead a normal life, however, there are some triggers can worsen the symptoms. Foods containing sulfites, dust, and exercise can make asthma worse.


Once someone has diabetes, they have it for life. Diabetes is caused by irregular blood sugar levels. There are two types of the disease. Type 1 is caused when the pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin. The symptoms of type 1 include excessive thirst, tiredness, and weight loss. Type 2 diabetes is more common and comes as a result from the pancreas only producing a little insulin. If you are obese, you are at an increased risk of this second type of diabetes.

Cystic Fibrosis

You are at a higher risk of having cystic fibrosis if it runs in your family. The illness causes problems with the respiratory and digestive systems. Over time, the lungs become more and more damaged, and can eventually stop working. As a result, the life expectancy of sufferers is significantly reduced. Symptoms include frequent chest infections, coughing, and diarrhea.


TMJ disorders are also known as TMD. These acronyms stand for temporomandibular joint disorder. It affects the joints between the base of the skull and the lower jaw. The condition isn’t life-threatening,  but the symptoms can reduce a patient’s quality of life. These include difficulty opening the mouth, pain in the jaw muscles, and headaches. Many people with TMJ find the often grind their teeth. You can find out how to stop grinding teeth online.

Eating Disorders

There are a number of different eating disorders that can affect people. Young girls are at a higher risk than any other demographic. An eating disorder is caused when someone develops an unhealthy relationship with food. They will be excessively focussed on their weight and appearance. Symptoms differ depending on the exact disorder. If someone is suffering from anorexia, they will skip meals. Whereas a bulimia sufferer will eat until they are uncomfortably full. If you think you or a member of your family is suffering from an eating disorder, you should visit your doctor as soon as possible.

If you think you may have one of these illnesses, speak to your doctor.