Percentage according to a survey by the Institute of Eye Microsurgery of Barcelona. Eye treatments are more effective the younger the child.

41% of children aged 2 to 10 years have never attended an ophthalmologist, according to results of a survey conducted by the Ocular Microsurgery Institute of Barcelona (IMO) during the Festival for Children. 79% of children have a family history of poor vision, where the child’s visit to the ophthalmologist should be performed at 2 years old . Clinica Baviera offers free revisions in its 47 centers in Spain until 27 April.

41% of children aged 2 to 10 years has never been revised vision

41% of children aged 2 to 10 years have never made a visit to the ophthalmologist, but the best time to detect and solve pathologies is just before 8 years, according to results of a survey conducted by the Institute of Eye Microsurgery of Barcelona (IMO) for the Children’s Festival, held in Barcelona from 27 December to 4 January. The Ocular Microsurgery Institute of Barcelona is an eye clinic dedicated to the treatment of eye diseases and the protection and preservation of vision. It has a team of 175 professionals dedicated to providing different treatments of all ophthalmic specialties.

” The treatments are more effective the younger the child , “said Ana Huertas, Pediatric Ophthalmologist IMO in remarks published on the website of RTVE on 20 April. Huertas said: ” Yes it would be nice to check that the child’s vision is symmetrical between one eye and another “through games at home, looking at pictures, watching TV or numbers. For example, games covering one eye, make it say what you are seeing and then cover his other. A sample of 500 parents of children 2 to 10 years reveals that 206 had never taken their children to the specialist, although 79% admitted to having problems or visual defects in the family (parents or uncles and / or grandparents of children).Only 36% of parents believe that the fact that the child has a family history has influenced their attitude to the visual health of their children. And only 3% cite this as the main reason they have taken their children to the ophthalmologist.


The most common vision problems in children

The most common cause of visual impairment in children is amblyopia, also known as lazy eye or lazy , a more lower than normal for their age. Usually affects one eye but can affect both. According to recent research, approximately 2.5 percent of world population suffers from this problem. In Spain, there are approximately one million cases. In general, any amblyopia is recoverable if you get treatment before the 3 ½ years, so prevention campaigns of the same should begin at this age in which it is easy to make the visual acuity properly.

Strabismus, myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism are the most common vision problems in children. Strabismus is the deviation of the eyes, where each point in one direction. The deviation may be for inward (esotropia), out (exotropia), up or down (hyper or hypotropia respectively) or combined forms. Strabismus is a relatively common childhood (about 4% of children), and must be addressed in time. Myopia is known as the difficulty for distance. The most common is that myopia develops between 10 and 25 years, but may occur at any age. The sooner it is detected and make an early diagnosis of myopia best as it can pose a significant barrier to a child.

Children under 16 should be revised in view once a year if they have problems. Otherwise the review should be done more frequently . Astigmatism is a vision impairment due to a mismatch in the curvature of the cornea, which prevents clear focus on objects near and far. Usually a birth defect, the child is born with the disease. For the treatment of astigmatism, as well as nearsightedness or farsightedness, can be applied goggles, contact lenses or laser surgery.

Hyperopia and educational failure

32% of school leavers is due to vision problems that have not been properly detected. In hyperopia the visual image is focused behind the retina rather than directly on it. Hyperopia is a problem that is often present from birth due to the smaller size of our eyes and worse because the visual controls performed to detect only school between 20% and 35% of visual dysfunction. In addition, at birth, over 70% of children are hyperopic and myopic about 5%. Tends to correct farsightedness naturally at 5 years, when they begin to increase cases of myopia among children. However, in children with hyperopia, visual dysfunction is the cause of up to 75% of cases of school failure. In this regard, experts point out that up to 5 years the development of the child depends almost entirely on the vision, and that approximately 80% of what you do learn through their eyes.

Visit a specialist in case of shock

Another common eye problems are hitting. In these cases be a specialist can prevent irreparable damage as the total loss of vision, even when bruising either by impact, a ball. Marta Figueroa, President of the Spanish Society of Retina and Vitreous, said: ” It is important because one of the most common complications secondary to these injuries, is bleeding inside the eye. And for that you have to put treatment bleeding, it should be resting ” .

Eye problems have a significant hereditary component

In the visually impaired also have a high hereditary component. According to Dr. Ana Wert, a specialist in pediatric ophthalmology at the IMO, ” The high percentage of visual impairment in adults should act as a driving motivation for parents to check children’s vision . ” According to the ophthalmologist, ” Many parents are unaware that eye problems, including refractive errors such as nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism has a hereditary or genetic predisposition important . ” When one of the parents wear glasses, bring the child to the ophthalmologist at 2 years of age. Otherwise, the visit should be performed at 3 years.

Clinical Reviews in Bavaria Free

People come less and less to check your vision because of the economic crisis . In this sense, Clinic Bavaria has launched the National Week II Visual Health, in which from yesterday until April 27 offers free revisions in its 47 centers across the country. The medical director of Clinica Baviera, Dr. Fernando Llovet, said in remarks published on the website of Europa Press on 17 April that the conduct of regular eye tests is ” essential “to all ages,” to detect vision problems emerging and to treat them in time to avoid causing losses of vision and minimize their impact on quality of life of sufferers . ” A simple test carried out by the IMO of 750 children 2 to 10 years during the Festival for Children detected that 4% might have a problem or refractive amblyopia and that about 80% of these had never been subjected to any eye examination, highlighting the importance of prevention.